In their most common meaning, the terms “detection” and “identification”, although both belonging to the specific context of security, generally refer to different application areas. While in fact “detection” may be defined as the act or process of extracting information (as the discovery of dangerous objects in a package; the human presence in an environment; the assessment of abnormal behaviours related to a human beings or to anthropic systems), the term “identification” relates more to the purpose of providing an identity to an object (for example by using of RFID sensors; by shape recognition; by model generation and object classifi cation) or to a person (through the use of biometric techniques for face, iris, fingerprint or gait recognition).
The term identification in the security field has a very wide meaning, ranging from the generic field of the accreditation in accessing physical or logical environment up to the specific meaning in the context of biometric technologies where “identification” and “ identity verification” have different and specific operation modes.
Attacks against public authorities and private entities can be a combination of physical and logical attacks and may affect heavily the life of citizen, impacting for instance on transport, health, finance and telecommunications, with dangerous consequences both in the urban public environment and in the citizen private life. In order to anticipate, prevent and manage these threat events, it is necessary to develop and apply innovative detection and identifi cation technologies, feeding new solutions,foresight tools and knowledge, in order to stimulate cooperation between providers and users, find civil security solutions, improve the competitiveness of the European security.
Detection and Identification are in general:
- Specific functions performed exploiting different technologies with different aims and in different mission contexts;
- Embedded inside processes and services by improving the coherence between the main detection and identification functions and the synergic use of intelligent automation and human support, for enhanced efficiency, effectiveness, reliability and trust;
- An indispensable instrument to prevent steady or moving people, things, data and assets.
Detection and Identifi cation systems allow to:
- Detect anomalies in different contexts, by analysing data collected from different sources;
- Recognize people and assets, by means of heterogeneous technologies;
- Identify potential threats, in combination with surveillance and situation awareness systems.
With the ever more pressing need for Security the techniques based on the “detection” and “identification” are quickly finding a number of applications in critical areas such as the screening of
containers, the automatic controls at borders, or the detection of individuals who have recently used firearms.
“Detection” and “identification” can be used in a convergent way. For example in the context of the safety and security of urban life, major events, public utility services continuity, mobility and working environments.