The protection of national transport systems is an enabler factor for the free circulation of people and goods and, moreover, creates a proper environment able to support the development of trade and, in general, the country’s economy. The adoption of measures to prevent and/or detect the entrance, presence and movements of people and goods, while detecting unauthorized access or unexpected behaviours, contributes to decrease the potential risks that can affect a key component of the value chain such as logistics.
The security of rail, roads and sea-way and the possibility to combine different transport modes (multimodality/ inter-modality), demands the development of tools that allow a supervision of the entire transport sector. The Security of transports will benefi t of actions aiming to collect and share common needs among the different sub-sectors and to bring out those peculiarities to be taken into account.
The following sectors will be then detailed:
- Railway Security
- Multi-modal Transport Security
- Road Transport Security
- Maritime Security
Guaranteeing an high level of rail transportation systems security is a fundamental objective for railway operators and infrastructures managers.
In order to prevent and to protect the railway infrastructures from accidents/attacks, it is necessary to promote industrial research and innovation actions aiming to study, specify, design and test an
advanced integrated control system and supervisory solution, able to provide an high level of “security” for the whole rail transportation system, both for passengers and goods. Research and innovation priorities are described below.
Relevant Research Topics
Supervision and Signaling Security
The main target is to develop and integrate technologies and procedures aiming to protect the technological systems necessary to railway operations against sabotages and terrorist attacks,
especially the cybernetic ones (physical and logical protection of information technology equipments).
This research shall cover both the “Vital Systems” matching fail-safe requirements for the Traffi c Management (interlocking and block system) and the “Non-Vital Systems” for the Traffi c Supervision will be encompassed.
The main targets of the physical security assurance are the monitoring and protection of buildings (control centres, depots, public areas, etc.) and railway lines (including bridges and tunnels).
Detecting suspicious behaviors is considered more and more relevant in order to prevent unauthorized access in technical rooms.
Demand of systems and tools, aimed at checking content and integrity of freights and containers, is continuously increasing. Advanced technologies can signifi cantly increase their performance reducing any health impact.
Multi-modal transport security
The increase of mobility both in Europe and in Italy and the more increasing integration among different transport modes, make the system complex and characterized by a number of vulnerabilities, in a global scenario becoming more sensitive with respect to potential malicious and terroristic acts.
The objective of this research is to develop a set of new services and technologies to ensure an efficient mobility for people and goods, as well as making it more rational, computerized, efficient, and overall more secure and safe.
The research will aim to develop innovative technology platforms in support of transport for an integrated security management of multi-modal/co-modal transport.
Relevant Research Topics
Develop a Multi-Modal Transport Service Platform to improve the cooperation and interoperability of different transport modes
The integration of different transport mode makes the whole system more fragile and complex, generating possible scenarios sensitive to potential malicious and terrorist acts. The security of rail, road and sea transport, together with the ability to move goods and people through different transport modes (multimode/ inter-modality), requires an availability of data and information gathered from several information systems, in addition to a set of tools for analysis and correlation of such information, aiming to detect possible threats. The integration of existing and new systems into a unique platform will be useful to provide the institutions with a single system view governing the security aspects of the whole transport sector.
Multimodal transport of Goods, including dangerous goods
The objective of this research is to defi ne the whole application processes in a multimodal transport scenario (Infrastructure and Supply Chain) through the use of appropriate technologies for safety, security and risk assessment, aiming to ensure the safe management and control of dangerous goods.
Anti-Intrusion and tracking sensors for containers
The tracking and the security measures for containers is one of the main areas of concern for national and international security. The traceability process is now complex and heterogeneous also for the diversity of technology platforms used in multimodal transport and logistics of goods. The research aims therefore to the defi nition of an integration framework for protocols and information, in order to ensure the early detection of the containers and the certainty of the cargo integrity at any time and at every stage of the multimodal transport.
Road transport security
The road transport security is a relevant research area in the whole security domain.
Relevant Research Topics
Security systems and technologies for the vehicles
The research activity on security systems, innovative systems and technologies is finalized to:
- Increase the prevention measures against terrorist or criminal attacks related to the road transportation, by minimizing the risks of potential sensible scenarios and the possible dimension of emergency situations;
- Ensure suitable vehicles for a prompt and an effective intervention in the emergency situations management.
Special vehicles for a diffuse protection and safety of the population
The research activity in this context addresses different application domains regarding security, civil protection and rescue, prevention of terroristic actions, mitigation and management of possible crisis.
This research answers to the need of safeguarding the health population, the preservation of environment and the integrity of goods, by ensuring continuity public services delivery and infrastructural networks supply.
Systems and Technologies for the road infrastructure Security
The research in this domain aims at developing systems and methodologies for the analysis in real time of road infrastructure, by means of a Non- Destructive Testing (NDT) techniques, in order to ensure mobility security and to counter terrorist actions, vandalism or natural events.
Traffic monitoring and control “in itinere”
The research answers to the needs to securely manage road transport through a monitoring system based on data fusion sensors and procedures able to control and manage the vehicular traffic, in order to ensure a prompt intervention for the anti- intrusion and the safety of pedestrians, buildings and drivers, in case of risky events.
Maritime Transport Security
Measures to enhance ships, passengers and goods traffic monitoring are required in order to increase security in the Maritime environment.
Innovative solutions which are designed to either protect human life at sea, or the marine and coastal environment, or to prevent illegal acts against ships and port facilities, will increase safety of navigation and improve management of traffic lines.
This will make “motorways of the sea” a cost-effective transport channel, capable to handle a large number of people and of goods, thus assuming a national strategic value.
Developing and enhancing of monitoring capacity of VTMIS (Vessel Traffic Monitoring / Management Information System) of tracking goods in the Maritime supply chain are key factors to reach these objectives.
Functional interoperability of information systems owned by institutions, ship-owners, shippers, etc. cannot be forgotten in such a scenario.
Therefore, evolution in maritime transport will need:
- To support multi-modality, in the sense of integration with existing intermodal nodes;
- Adoption of service-oriented-architecture methodologies and solutions;
- Vessel traffic monitoring;
- Recognition of risk situations and timely alerting communications between operators (groundbased control centers, on-board and ship operators);
In this context, maritime surveillance systems capable to detect non-cooperative craft in the areas of interest are essential.
Relevant Research Topics
Security implies surveillance, which needs information assessment and evaluation based upon analysis of available data. Data processing systems may enhance data fusion techniques and innovate information presentation (e.g. electronic cartography enriched with an increasing amount of accessible information).
Sensors for data collection
Available information emerging from data analysis will benefi t from any developments capable to increase quantity and quality of data. Improvement of sensors is expected leading to higher resolution capacity and wider observed areas.
The development of semi-automatic operational capabilities will innovate technical and procedural aspects which, in turn, require continuous adapting to the growing amount of data and information.
Automation will complete the data – information – knowledge chain, leading to Maritime Domain Awareness.
Systems for cooperation
An increasing interoperability between maritime traffi c monitoring platforms will:
- Enable interoperation among systems;
- Enable cooperation between national administrations;
- Ensure transnational cooperation and continuity of operations;
- Enable a joint management of emergencies through information sharing in a common.